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Brief overview of The Republic of Buryatia

The Republic of Buryatia is a subject of the Russian Federation and is part of the Far Eastern Federal District. Ulan-Ude is the administrative-economic and cultural center of the republic. The distance by rail from Ulan-Ude to Moscow is 5519 km, and to the Pacific ocean- 3,500 km.

The Republic of Buryatia was founded in 1923. Buryatia covers an area of 351,300 km2. Buryatia is located in the southern part of Eastern Siberia, to the south and to the east of Lake Baikal. In the south, the Republic of Buryatia borders Mongolia, in the south-west - with the Republic of Tuva, in the north-west - with the Irkutsk region, in the east - with the Chita region.

There are 21 municipal districts, 2 city districts, 263 urban and rural settlements in the Republic.

As of January 1, 2013 the total resident population was 971.8 thousand people, the average population density was 3.0 inhabitants per 1 square kilometer. The national composition of the republic, according to the 2010 census, is as follows:

• Russians - 66.1%,

• Buryats - 30%,

• Ukrainians - 0.6%,

• Others - 3.3%.

The territory of Buryatia inhabited by representatives of small indigenous peoples:

• Evenks - 0.3%

• Soyots - 0.4%

of the total population.

The climate of Buryatia is sharply continental, with cold winters and hot summers. Winter is cold, with dry frost and a small amount of snow. Spring is windy, with frost and almost no rainfall. Summer is short, with hot days and cool nights, with heavy rainfall in July and August. Autumn comes imperceptibly, without a sharp change in the weather, in some years it happens to be long and warm. The average air temperature in summer is +18.5 ° C, in winter - 22 °C, and the average annual temperature is -1.6 ° C. During the year, average rainfall of 244 millimetres.

Within the Republic there is a large part (about 60% of the coastline) of Lake Baikal - the deepest freshwater lake in the world. The length of Lake Baikal is 636 km., width is from 25 to 79 km. The total length of the Baikal coastline is 2100 km, and the total area of water is 31.5 thousand square meters. The maximum depth is 1637 m., the average depth is 730 m. Lake Baikal is the natural reservoir of the fifth part of the world's fresh water supply of the highest quality. The lake has 2500 different species of animals and fish, 250 of which are endemic.

The Republic of Buryatia is one of the most promising regions of Russia in terms of tourist-recreational potential. The development of tourism is facilitated by a convenient geographical location, the richest historical, cultural and natural resources, a developed transport system linking the republic with the regions of Russia and with foreign countries, a stable ecological situation, peaceful coexistence of religions, and the growing popularity of Baikal.